13. Internationaler Kongress zur Erforschung des 18. Jahrhunderts, Graz 2011 FrançaisDeutsch hochISECSUniversity of Music and Performing Arts GrazAustrian Society for Eighteenth-Century StudiesUniversity of Graz
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Main Subjects:

  • Time in the Age of Enlightenment: Situating the Present, Imagining the Future
  • Central and Eastern Europe in the Age of Enlightenment

 

Time in the Age of Enlightenment: Situating the Present, Imagining the Future

In the age of Enlightenment man did not only think systematically and continuously about his life, but began to manage and change it. So it is necessary to focus on this change in perception of time and to ask: In which manner did man esteem his time? What were the reasons for turning his attention to the future? What did the visions about the future contain? For instance: How did man intend to organise the future? What did the idea of provision mean to/for him? Since the 18th century served as foundation for today’s world - which of the contemporary visions are still prevalent and which ones are not and why not?

Central and Eastern Europe in the Age of Enlightenment

Although Central and Eastern Europe represent a considerable part of the European continent, this area did not have the same characteristics in the 18th century as the Western world: The political order was centered on large, expansive Empires (Russia, Turkey, and Austria). Colonial processes as in the occident did not exist. The cultural situation was influenced by three major religions: Catholicism, Orthodoxy, and Islam, as well as by a dominant rural world. The most important questions are: What was the social and cultural profile of the countries in this vast encompassing region during the 18th century? How did the Enlightenment from the West enter into the area between the Baltic and the Black Seas? What signals did this region send to the West? Were there any effects of the Enlightenment which to this day have remained a problem?